Turin is the capital city of the Region of Piedmont and the heart of a metropolitan area of almost 2 million inhabitants. The third city in Italy in economic and production terms, it has a long history of industrial production and today is one of the country’s most important hubs for research, study, art, science and culture.
Founded by the Romans in the 3rd century BCE, it conserves signs of the original castrum. It was principally developed in the 17th century under the Duchy of Savoy (founded in 1563). From 1861 to 1864, Turin was the first capital of Unified Italy. In the 1900s, the city’s development was tied mostly to exponential growth in the automobile industry: many traces are left of the numerous factories and buildings in the sector, often radically transformed for further appreciation and reuse.